Types of Basketball Surfaces

Types of Basketball Surfaces

If you are an avid basketball player or even just a fan, you definitely have been exposed to the different kind of basketball surfaces. Most games take place on hardwood surfaces because they are the most viable. They offer consistent bouncing for the ball and a smooth and unobstructed surface. However, there are other types of basketball courts that may meet your needs depending on demand, budget and the location of the court. Below is a quick overview of some of these basketball surfaces.


This is the most popular basketball court construction surface and probably the most preferred choice for indoor basketball surfaces. This hard maple flooring is mostly found in NBA stadiums and NCAA arenas. It is usually dense wood made of very fine fibres and tightly packed with grains; this keeps dirt and grime away from it. The grains also gel into a very smooth and durable surface which saves on maintenance costs. Hard maple and other hardwoods are highly discouraged from the outdoor courts because the sunlight ends up destroying the natural elements and warping the surface.

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This remains t the most common type of basketball court construction surface for outdoor courts. This is because this surface is uniquely designed to withstand the harsh and unfriendly weather conditions. This type of surface is all over as it is what almost all the street courts are made with. It also offers the ball a hard surface for response. However, this type eventually ends up with cracks after a long period of time. It is also very dangerous because the players are always at risk of getting injured during the game.


This consists of court surfaces made from plastic flooring. To achieve the right finish, the court is layered with a slab of concrete and finished off with modular polypropylene molded in squares.  The benefits associated with this type of material include better traction, good bounce response for the ball, and increased safety. However, because of the friction, there are chances of players suffering from skin abrasions and other small injuries when they fall. This type of finish can also be used for other sports like volleyball and tennis. Multi-purpose surfacing gives you the opportunity to customize the courts. For example, the color of the courts can be matched to the team uniforms or other desirable finishes. In addition to this, this surface can be installed on outdoor courts without any performance loss.


Some of the multipurpose basketball court construction may come with advanced features tailored to improve responsiveness and enhance performance. For example, some of the surface design includes flooring the concrete and the polypropylene surface with a rubber layer in between. This enhances shock absorption and handles the sound dampening. There are also other surfaces which offer polyurethane to enhance durability and to ensure moisture is retained.

These are some of the basketball court surfaces available. All have different characteristics tailored to meet the specific demands of the players. Any of these surfaces are a viable option depending on your needs, the location of your basketball court, your budget.